Rāmāyana | Yuddha Kaṇḍa | Chapter 83

83. Lakṣmaṇa Enraged

[When Hanuman tells the news of Sītā's death, Rāma faints. Lakṣmaṇa, who comes there, says that following Dharma is foolish. He further tells that in this world most important thing is wealth and strength which follows wealth.]

On hearing the great sound of the battle between Rākṣasas and monkeys Rāma spoke like this to Jambavan. 83.1

"Oh gentle one, by the way that we hear the rattling sound of weapons, it seems that Hanuman is doing a very difficult job. I am certain of this." 83.2

"And so oh lord of bears, accompanied by your own army quickly go there and help that Hanuman who is fighting there." 83.3

Agreeing to that Jambavan surrounded by his own army went towards the western gate where Hanuman was fighting. 83.4

Then Jambavan saw Hanuman coming surrounded by all his monkeys, who had already fought terribly but now sighing with sorrow. 83.5

Seeing that terrible army of bears who looked like a dark cloud on its way to join the battle, Hanuman intercepted them and told about everything. 83.6

With great speed the great soul Hanuman sought the presence of Rāma along with his army and spoke the following words to him. 83.7

"When we were fighting in the battle, while we were seeing, Indrajit the son of Rāvaṇa killed Sītā who was weeping." 83.8

"Oh destroyer of enemies, with a heavily distressed mind, I saw this and felt greatly sad and I have come here to tell you about that." 83.9

Hearing those words, Rāma became very sad and fainted and fell on the ground like a tree whose roots are cut off. 83.10

Seeing him, who was resembling gods falling on the ground, all the chiefs of the monkeys came there bouncing and rushed towards him. 83.11

They all sprinkled on him water scented with lotus and lilies as one would do over a fire which has suddenly flared up and burning everything. 83.12

Then the very sad Lakṣmaṇa hugged and took the ailing Rāma in his arms and spoke the following very meaningful words. 83.13

"Oh gentle brother, Dharma cannot save you now and you have been sticking to the path of virtue and won over your senses and these cannot save you from adversities." 83.14

"Just like you can see animate and inanimate things, you cannot see the differences between virtues and vice and according to me Dharma does not exist." 83.15

"Just like you can see animate and inanimate things, you cannot see the differences between virtues and vice and so a man who follows Dharma like you should not fail like this." 83.16

"If not following Dharma has any effect, Rāvaṇa should have gone to hell and you have always been with Dharma and so you should not undergo such sorrow and suffering." 83.17

"Since there is no sorrow occurring to Rāvaṇa and sorrow has come to you, the result of following vice is Dharma and the result of following vice is Dharma and the opposites seem to have changed each other's role." 83.18

"If fruit of Dharma can only be obtained by Dharma, and fruit of vice can only be obtained only by vice then those who are rooted in vice alone can get only the fruit of vice and those who are rooted in Dharma can only get fruit of Dharma." 83.19-83.20

"When we see that those in whom vice is rooted become prosperous and those who are rooted in Dharma suffer, we feel that both Dharma and vice are useless." 83.21

"Oh Rāma, if people who do sin are killed by their vice and then that vice would be forthwith destroyed and afterwards whom will those unrighteous destroy?" 83.22

"If a man is killed while performing a ritual prescribed in the scriptures or kills another while performing that ritual, that fate makes that action tainted by the sinful act and not the agent." 83.23

"Oh Rāma, the destroyer of enemies, it s not clear to me how prosperity can be attained by Dharma for it is attained by luck alone, Hence to me Dharma seems to be non-existent." 83.24

"Oh chief among those, who follow Dharma, if Dharma really exists no misfortune would have occurred to you and since you have got in to this calamity and the hypotheses that good will accrue by Dharma is not proved." 83.25

"Or else if Dharma becomes weak and cowardly and it surrenders before strength, I have a feeling that Dharma which lacks strength should not be pursued." 83.26

"So please depend on your strength as you do now to Dharma. If Dharma is subordinate to strength, give up the feeling of predominance to Dharma." 83.27

"Oh destroyer of enemies, if speaking truth is Dharma, where did Dharma go when our father was not true to his promise, was merciless to you and was disunited from you. Where you not bound by the announcement made by our father making you Yuvarāja?" 83.28

"Oh tormentor of enemies, if Dharma or vice is with worth pursuing, Indra the wielder of Vajra would not have performed a sacrifice after killing Vishwarūpa." 83.29

"Oh son of Kākutstha clan, Dharma leads to destruction but when vice is united with strength, a man does everything according to his will." 83.30

"In this case my opinion is Dharma consists of Dharma and strength and you have cut off the roots of Dharma, by spurning the kingdom at that time." 83.31

"By collecting treasures from place to place and augmenting it by different actions, all tasks are indeed fulfilled, like the river flowing from the mountain." 83.32

"Being bereft of treasures a man loses his lustre, like small rivers getting dry during summer season." 83.33

"One who is brought up in comfort, when he renounces wealth and then seeks comfort does a sinful act and only evil flow from it." 83.34

"Friends gather round him, who has riches. Relatives stand by him, who has riches. He alone is virile in the world, who has riches. He alone is a learned man, who has riches." 83.35

"He alone is a mighty man, who has riches. He alone is a prudent man, who has riches. He alone is highly fortunate. He alone is distinguished, who has riches." 83.36

"Oh brave one I told you about the evils one faces when one sacrifices wealth and I know extremely well the reasons for which you sacrificed the kingdom." 83.37

"When one has wealth, religious merit is obtained by him. Every one would go round him and to the penniless man, who has desire to earn wealth, even hunting for wealth may not be possible and he can never be wealthy." 83.38

"Oh king, Joy, pleasures, pride, virtue, anger, peace, control of senses are all attained by those who have wealth." 83.39

"Those riches, due to giving up of which material happiness is lost in case of people, who practice Dharma are not seen in you, similar to planets are not seen on cloudy days. 83.40

"Oh valorous one, while you were in exile in the forest by the command of your father, your wife who was more dear than soul itself for you, was stolen away by that Rākṣasa." 83.41

"Oh valorous one, I am only trying to dispel that great agony that you are undergoing caused by Indrajit. Therefore, Rāma, please get up." 83.42

"Oh tiger among men, Oh long armed one, oh person with firm resolve, get up. Being great with a disciplined mind, why do you not understand about yourself?" 83.43

"Oh matchless one, On seeing the death of Sītā, I am greatly enraged. Please get up and do a favour for me. I shall completely destroy with my arrows Lanka, along with its chariots, elephants, and horses along with Rāvaṇa." 83.44

This is the end of Eighty Third Sarga of Yuddha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.