Rāmāyana | Yuddha Kaṇḍa | Chapter 63

63. Kumbhakarṇa's Advice to Rāvaṇa

[Kumbhakarṇa tells Rāvaṇa that he should have taken heed to advice of Vibhīṣaṇa. Rāvaṇa gets angry. Kumbhakarṇa promises to kill Rāma as well as the monkey army.]

Hearing to that lamentations of the king of Rākṣasas, Kumbhakarṇa laughed loudly and then told him. 63.1

"In the ministerial advisory meeting, the same bad result was foreseen by some of us and what consequence you are facing is due to utter disregard of the advice of well-wishers." 63.2

"Like a doer of wicked deeds falls in to the hell speedily, the punishment for your sinful act has reached you fast." 63.3

"Firstly you did not properly think about this course of action and did not think of its consequence due to sheer arrogance of your valour." 63.4

"He who does duties which ought to have been done earlier later and does duties which ought to be done later, earlier, cannot differentiate between the right and wrong course of action." 63.5

"Action not done at proper time and place gives unexpected results like offering oblations in fire not properly lit gets spoiled." 63.6

"He, who acts according to an agreement reached along with his counsellors after considering three types of duties,* by harnessing five types of means,** moves along a right course." 63.7 * [1] Conclusion of peace through conciliation [2] Acceptance of allegiance through gift [3] Invasion as a method of coercion. ** [1] The method of initiating an actions [2] Personality and material to be worked upon [3] Time and place of action [4] Provision against mischance and [5] Chances of success.

"A king who wants to take action as per Śastras, understands it through his intellect and counsellors as well as friends and takes the right decision." 63.8

"Oh lord of the Rākṣasas a man takes action intending to achieve Dharma, Artha and Kama or combinations of any two of them based on a suitable time." 63.9

"If any king or crown prince, having heard about what is the best among these three types of action and does not bother about it, all his learning would be waste." 63.10

"Oh best among the Rākṣasas, any intelligent one who discusses with his ministers and decides on giving away, entering in to peace or forging enmity at a particular time as the suitable course or exhibits his valour or resorts to all the three together with or without show of valour or takes proper action or takes improper action at the right time and practices Dharma, Artha or Kama at the appropriate time never faces misfortunes in this world." 63.11-63, 12

"A king should do an act aiming at his welfare in consultation with his ministers who are innately intelligent and who understand the true state of a situation." 63.13

"Men like animal intelligence initiate consultations and want the advisers to tell them advice without knowing about the proposal or without knowing Śastras." 63.14

"The advice given by people who do not know Śastras, who do not know recommendations of books dealing with practical life and who are desirous for great wealth should not be accepted." 63.15

"Those men who talk with audacity, some inimical things in a friendly way, are to be kept out of deliberations, as they certainly spoil the work to be done." 63.16

"Some advisors collude with our intelligent enemies and for bringing down the destruction of their lord, make them do wrong things." 63.17

"The king should investigate and find out his ministers who try to help his enemies who are really enemies though they seem to be friends through their conduct and avoid them in the final consultations." 63.18

"Outsiders quickly find out the fickle decisions made by the king, who is lead away by false appearances, like the birds find out about the hole made in Krauṇcha mountain." 63.19

"Anyone who does not bother about the enemy and is not bothered to protect himself would face disappointing occurrences and would be removed from his position." 63.20

"The advice given to you earlier by our younger brother is a proper advice to you and his words were beneficial. Please do whatever you want." 63.21

When the ten necked one heard these words of Kumbhakarṇa, he twisted his eye brows in anger and spoke the following words. 63.22

"You are advising me like a most respectful teacher. What is the use of this speech which makes you tired. Please do at the proper time the proper action." 63.23

"It is a waste of time to mull about wrong actions done earlier either by error or due to illusion of the mind or by taking shelter on valour." 63.24

"Please think about what is the most suitable action now, without thinking about the past, for past has already gone." 63.25

"if you have real affection to me, if you have faith in your valour and if you think that you are fit and if you think that my job indeed has to be done, solve with your strength the problems due to my wrong conduct." 63.26

"He who rescues a suffering soul, whose fortune is ruined is his real friend. He who is ready at hand to help those who have deviated from the right course, is his real relation." 63.27

Kumbhakarṇa hearing those very harsh words spoken by Rāvaṇa with great anger spoke to him in a slow and smooth manner. 63.28

Observing that his brother is angry and perturbed, Kumbhakarṇa talked gently trying to console him. 63.29

"Oh king, who is the destroyer of your enemies, please listen to me with attention. Enough of giving way to sorrow like this, Oh king of Rākṣasas. Give up your anger and become your normal self." 63.30-63.31

"Oh king, as long as I live you should not worry. I would destroy all of them because you are greatly sorrowing." 63.32

Whatever may be your situation, I have to tell you what is good for you, I gave that advice because of our relationship and my brotherly affection to you." 63.33

"Now see what is going to happen in the battle field. I will do the due to your brother as well as relation, and do the destruction of your enemies." 63.34

"Oh great hero, please see my killing Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa in the battle field and the running away of the monkey army." 63.35

"Oh great hero, I am sure you would be happy on seeing Rāma's head brought by me from the war and Sītā would be sad." 63.36

"Let all the relatives of Rākṣasas of Lanka who have lost their near relatives in battle, see the death of the most beloved Rāma today." 63.37

"Today, I shall wipe off tears of the Rākṣasas, who have been afflicted with grief and lamenting because of the destruction of their relatives in combat by the enemies." 63.38

"See in today's battle Sugrīva the king of the monkeys who is like a mountain being dissipated like a huge cloud being dissipated by the light of the sun." 63.39

"Oh faultless one, why are you looking agitated when you are being consoled by me and the Rākṣasas who are desirous of killing Rāma." 63.40

"Oh king of Rākṣasas, Rāma will kill you only after killing me and I do not have any regrets because of that." 63.41

"Oh very valorous destroyer of enemies, even now you can order me to do anything that you desire and there is no need to send any one else to the battle." 63.42

"I can destroy your enemies, who have a great strength. I can engage in combat with all those persons, whether he is Indra or Yama or the fire-god to the wind-god or even Varuṇa." 63.43

"Since I have a mountain like huge body and hold a very sharp spear and have very sharp teeth, even Gods gets scared of me." 63.44

"Even when I am not armed with any weapon, no one can stand alive before me as I can smash the enemies by my strength alone." 63.45

"Even when I am not armed with Javelin or mace or sharp arrows, If I get excited, I can even kill Indra with bare hands." 63.46

"If Rāma is able to tolerate the speedy blows of my fist, then my flood of arrows would drink the blood of Rāma." 63.47

"Oh king, when I am alive why do you suffer because of anxiety? I am now ready to march in to the battle field for the destruction of all your enemies." 63.48

"Please leave out the great fear of Rāma, for I am going to kill Rāghava, the strong Lakṣmaṇa. Sugrīva also Hanuman who destroyed our city of Lanka." 63.49-63.50

"I am going to eat all those monkeys who are near me and I want add extraordinary reputation to you." 63.51

"Oh king even if you fear of Indra or Lord Brahma himself, I would destroy them like the sun removing the darkness for when I get angry, even devas will lay down on the floor." 63.52

"I shall extinguish even Yama the god of death. I shall devour the fire-god. I shall cause the sun along with the stars to fall asunder on the floor." 63.53

"I shall kill Indra, I shall drink the ocean, I shall crush the mountains and I shall tear up the earth." 63.54

"Let all the beings of the world see the valour of Kumbhakarṇa who has been sleeping for a very long time for I am going to eat all of them and not even the heaven would be sufficient food for me." 63.55- 63.56

"I am going to bring you happiness and make you happy by the destruction of Rāma. Having killed Rāma along with Lakṣmaṇa, I shall devour all the chiefs of army of monkeys." 63.57

"Oh king, enjoy yourself, drink as much wine as you like and throw away all your sorrow and do your normal jobs for I am going to send Rāma to the world of Yama. Afterwards Sītā would start obeying your words." 63.58

This is the end of Sixty Third Sarga of Yuddha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.