Rāmāyana | Yuddha Kaṇḍa | Chapter 41

41. Angada as Emissary

[The monkey army with its commanders lay siege the city of Lanka. Rāma sends Angada as an emissary to Rāvaṇa. Not prepared to surrender Rāvaṇa, tries to catch hold of Angada but he escapes and goes back to Rāma.]

Seeing the signs of the battle on the body of Sugrīva, Rāma the elder brother of Lakṣmaṇa, after hugging Sugrīva told him. 41.1

"You have done this great adventure without properly consulting me; such rash adventures are never attempted by a king." 41.2

"Oh valorous one interested in adventure, this reckless act done by you, has caused great anxiety to me, your army and Vibhīṣaṇa." 41.3

'Oh valorous one, oh destroyer of enemies, Oh mighty armed annihilator of enemies, if some misfortune had happened to you, what could we have done to release Sītā, and also to the greatly strong Bhārata, to Lakṣmaṇa and the still younger Śatrughna and also to myself." 41.4-41.5

"I had decided that if you had not come back, knowing well your valour which is equal to Sun, Indra and Varuṇa, to kill Rāvaṇa along with his sons along with his army and steeds, to hold the coronation of Vibhīṣaṇa as king of Lanka and later consecrate Bhārata as the king Of Ayodhyā and then to retire to the forest." 41.6-41.7

When Rāma spoke like this Sugrīva replied like this, "Oh Rāghava seeing Rāvaṇa the abductor of your wife and also knowing about my innate strength, how else could I have acted." 41.8-41.9

When the valorous Sugrīva told like this, Rāma complimented him and told Lakṣmaṇa who was greatly full of auspiciousness. 41.10

"Oh Lakṣmaṇa, after dividing the forests with fresh waters and trees laden with fruits, it is necessary to divide the army in to segments and be always ready." 41.11

"I am scared that that I will see a great tragedy which would reduce the number of people in this world and also a mass destruction to the bears and monkeys. 41.12

"Harsh winds are blowing, the earth is shaking, the tips of the mountains are shaking and those elephants which carry the earth are trumpeting." 41.13

"Sinister clouds horrifyingly bitter roar violently like carnivorous animals and let fall a rain mixed with drops of blood." 41.14

"The dusk is of the red colour of the red sandalwood is looking horrific and from the sun, a blazing fire ball falls down." 41.15

"Wild animals and birds shout pitiably and are wretched and are ominous and facing the sun they inspire great fear." 41.16

"The moon has lost its lustre and is surrounded by red black rays, similar to the time of final deluge and is creating sorrow at night." 41.17

"Oh Lakṣmaṇa, on the disk of the sun a fiery halo with a black mark is observed and reduced of its lustre the Sun is having a coppery colour." 41.18

"Oh Lakṣmaṇa, the stars do not look like the way they should and are foretelling their intention to speed up the time of deluge." 41.19

"The crows, eagles and vultures are circling the sky at a lower level and Jackals also howling making inauspicious sounds." 41.20

"The earth will be crowded with rocks, darts and daggers used by monkeys and demons, will become a slime of flesh and blood." 41.21

"Let us speedily attack the invincible town ruled by Rāvaṇa, and surround it by monkeys on all sides." 41.22

The elder brother of Lakṣmaṇa after speaking like this to Lakṣmaṇa, speedily got down from the top of the mountain. 41.23

That Rāma ah was the soul of Dharma after getting down from the mountain, examined his unconquerable army." 41.24

Rāma who is an expert in matters of time, along with Sugrīva got ready his army for attack, at the appropriate moment. 41.25

That very strong one armed with a bow marched at the most suitable time marched along with his army, facing the city of Lanka. 41.26

Then, Vibhīṣaṇa, Sugrīva, Hanuman, Jambhavan the king of bears, Nala, Nila and Lakṣmaṇa accompanied Rāma. 41.27

After that the great army consisting of monkeys and bears marched covering the vast area of land accompanying Rāma. 41.28

Then those monkeys who were destroyers of enemies and who resembled elephants took hold of hundreds of mountain peaks as well as well grown trees. 41.29

Within a short time those brothers Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa, who were both destroyers of enemies, reached Lanka which was the city of Rāvaṇa. 41.30

The monkeys, encouraged by the sound of Rāma's voice and obedient to his command, halted before the city of Lanka which was decorated with flags, beautiful and splendid with pleasure-gardens, having an unusual rampart which is inaccessible with its elevated arched door-ways and invincible even to the devas. 41.31-41.32

After reaching the city of Lanka, which was ruled by Rāvaṇa, the heroic Rāma, the son of Dasaratha, accompanied by Lakṣmaṇa, stopped near the northern gate, where Rāvaṇa was in command. Who else but Rāma is capable of protecting the army and besieging that gate, regulated by Rāvaṇa, similar to an ocean regulated by Varuṇa, guarded by awful Rākṣasas on all sides and creating fear to the weak as the under regions of earth is guarded by Rākṣasas. 41.33-41.36

Rāma saw there the army of Rāvaṇa armed with various strange type of weapons and armours. 41.37

Nila, the valiant commander -in-chief of monkeys together with Mainda and Dvividhaḥ reached and stopped before the Eastern gate. 41.38

Angada of very mighty prowess, together with Riṣabha, Gavaksha, Gaja and Gavya took charge of the Southern gate. 41.39

The strong monkey Hanuman together with Prajangha, Tarasa and other warriors, guarded the western gate. 41.40

Sugrīva, along with all the chiefs of monkeys equal to the strength of Garuda as well as Vayu the god of the wind, was stationed himself in the middle of the army. 41.41

The highly reputed generals of monkeys along with thirty six crores of monkeys besieged the city along with great Sugrīva exerting pressure on monkeys. 41.42

As per the order of Rāma Lakṣmaṇa and Vibhīṣaṇa distributed one crore of monkey army soldiers at each gate of the city. 41.43

Behind Rāma and not far from him, Suṣeṇa together with Jambhavan, followed by a multitude of forces, stood at the intermediate post. 41.44

Those lions among monkeys who were possessing lion like teeth holding rocks and trees were with joy waiting for the signal to the war." 41.45

All of them were lashing their tails, using their jaws and nails as weapons and were shaking in every limb and had their faces set grimly. 41.46

Some were having the strength of ten elephants and some having strength of ten times ten and some were having the strength of one thousand elephants. 41.47

Some were having the strength of an ogha [large number] of elephants. Some were endowed with a strength of ten times to that. some others there were chiefs of monkeys, having an immeasurable strength. 41.48

That collection of monkeys there was greatly magical and wonderful and it appeared as if it was a swarm of locusts. 41.49

Due to the monkeys who reached Lanka and by all those stationed already beneath its walls, the air and earth seem to be completely filled with monkeys. 41.50

A hundred divisions of one lakh each of bears and monkeys poured towards the gates of Lanka, while others proceeded to fight on every side. 41.51

All the mountains on all sides were covered by the monkeys and a crore of them were ranged near the city. 41.52

When the city of Lanka was surrounded by the monkeys each holding a tree in their hand, even wind was not entering the city. 41.53

The Rākṣasas who were as valorous as Indra, the ruler of devas seeing themselves besieged by cloud like monkeys who were equal to them in valour were stuck with sudden terror." 41.54

When those monkey troops were advancing a big sound arose which was similar to the sound of waves of ocean beating its banks. 41.55

Due that great noise, Lanka with its ramparts, arches, mountains and forests began to shake. 41.56

That army of monkeys protected by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa as well as Sugrīva became even more unconquerable than that the army of devas and Dānavas. 41.57

Having thus ranged his forces, with a view to destroy the Rākṣasas, Rāma who knew about the four expedients of Sama, Dhāna, Bheda and Daṇḍa to be employed in succession, took counsel again and again with his ministers and arrived at a decision. Calling to his mind the duty of the kings, Rāma who was eager to undertake what was to be done next, in concurrence with Vibhīṣaṇa, summoned Angada the son of Vali and spoke to him as follows. 41.58-41.60

"Oh gentle monkey, go and meet the ten necked one who is unfortunate, devoid of kingship and who has lost his splendour due to approaching death and tell my words to him., after entering the city of Lanka without any fear." 41.61

"Oh Rākṣasa who moves at night In your reckless arrogance, you have oppressed sages, celestials, Gandharvas and their wives, serpent - Rākṣasas, Yakṣas the semi-divine beings and kings. From now on, that arrogance, born of the boon you received from Brahma the Lord of creation, should be subdued." 41.62-41.64

"I would definitely inflict a great punishment on you for abducting my wife and I am standing at the gates of Lanka along with the rod of punishment." 41.65

"Oh Rākṣasa, if you are killed by me, You will attain the position of devas, great sages and the Royal sages." 41.66

Oh basest Rākṣasa, use the same method of not showing your strength but the power of illusion when you abducted Sītā." 41.67

"If you do not surrender to me and do not return Sītā to me, I will make this world one without Rākṣasas by my powerful arrows." 41.68

"This pious minded Vibhīṣaṇa, the foremost among Rākṣasas has come to me. Surely, this illustrious Rākṣasa will obtain the kingdom of Lanka, which will henceforth be free from troubles." 41.69

"You cannot enjoy this kingdom without Dharma even for a moment as you are a sinful Rākṣasa having stupid followers around you and is one with defeated soul." 41.70

"Oh Rākṣasa, otherwise get ready for the battle, after gathering courage and laying your hands on your valour. Then you will be killed by arrows and rest in peace." 41.71

"Oh traveller at night, even if you take the form of a bird and run about in all the three worlds, you will not be alive as soon as you come in to the range of my eyes." 41.72

"I am telling for your benefit, be ready for your obsequies. See Lanka properly, for your living further is in my hands." 41.73

When Rāma who never got tired of his actions told like this to son of Tara, he jumped in to the air with a lustre of burning fire and marched ahead." 41.74

Within a moment he reached the home of Rāvaṇa and saw that Rāvaṇa who was seated and discussing with his ministers. 41.75

That monkey chief Angada wearing golden bracelets landed in a place close to the king and stood there like a flaming torch. 41.76

After introducing himself, Angada repeated the excellent words of Rāma, as it was told to him without adding or subtracting anything to Rāvaṇa in the presence of his ministers. 41.77

"I am the son of Vali and Angada is my name and I am the emissary of Rāma, the king of Kosala and of stable exploits. Have you heard of him?" 41.78

Rāma called Rāghava who adds joy to his mother Kausalya speaks to you thus: "Oh Ruthless one, come and enter in to war with me as a representative of your clan." 41.79

"I shall kill you along with your ministers, sons, cousins and other relatives. You being dead, all the three worlds would get rid of fear.'" 41.80

"Now, I shall uproot you, a thorn to the sages and an enemy to devas, demons, semi-divine beings, Gandharvas, serpent-gods and Rākṣasas." 41.81

"Unless you bow before me and return back Sītā, you would be killed by me and Vibhīṣaṇa would become the king." 41.82

Hearing those harsh words from the monkey chief. Rāvaṇa the king of Rākṣasas became under the control of anger. 41.83

He became red eyed with anger and ordered his ministers, "Let this stupid one be caught and then killed." 41.84

As soon a they heard the words of Rāvaṇa, four terrible Rākṣasas caught hold of him who resembled a shining torch. 41.85

Then the prudent and valorous monkey, of his own accord came under their control, to exhibit his prowess in front of those monkeys. 41.86

Then catching hold of those who clung to his arms, Angada leapt on to the palace which resembled a mountain. 41.87

All those four Rākṣasas were shaken out, by the great speed of Angada and fell down on the ground, even when the king of Rākṣasas was watching. 41.88

From the top of the palace, which was as tall as the mountain was climbed by that son of Vali, even when Rāvaṇa was seeing. 41.89

That roof of the palace, trampled by Angada, crumbled like the peak of Himalayan range was shattered long ago by lightening - before Rāvaṇa's gaze. 41.90

After breaking the roof of the house and announcing his name loudly and roaring with great sound, Angada rose up in that air. 41.91

Causing great worry to Rākṣasa and great joy to the monkeys, he reached the middle of monkeys and went near Rāma. 41.92

Seeing the roof of his palace destroyed Rāvaṇa got in to very great anger and foreseeing his own destruction he became jittery. 41.93

Surrounded by many monkeys who were roaring with delight, Rāma on his part was already proceeding ahead for the battle, with intent to wipe out his enemy. 41.94 At that time, Suṣeṇa the highly valiant monkey who resembled a mountain was surrounded by innumerable monkeys, who had ability change their form at will. 41.95

Under the order of Sugrīva who was invincible, Suṣeṇa was patrolling the gates and wandering like a moon among the stars. 41.96

Seeing hundreds of divisions of those monkeys encamped under the walls of Lanka, marshalled on the shores of the sea, the Rākṣasas were amazed and some others were terror-struck while others, overjoyed at the prospect of fighting and even leapt up in exultation. 41.979-41.98

Those miserable Rākṣasas on seeing that the entire extensive space between the walls and the moat were being occupied by the monkeys, and looked like a second rampart cried out, "Alas" in panic. 41.99

As a result of that the miserable tumult in the capital city of the Rākṣasas, the soldiers of Rāvaṇa seized hold of their great weapons and sallied forth like the winds that blow at the time of deluge. 41.100

This is the end of Forty First Sarga of Yuddha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.