Rāmāyana | Yuddha Kaṇḍa | Chapter 30

30. Shardula Describes Rāma's Army

[On questioning by Rāvaṇa, the spy tells him about troubles he underwent and how Saved him. On questioning by Rāvaṇa he tells about the great monkey chieftains and their genealogy. He also tells about Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa.]

Then the spies informed the king of Lanka about the camping imperturbable army of Rāma near the Suvela mountains. 30.1

After hearing the news of the reaching Rāma and his great army from the spies, Rāvaṇa was little worried and he asked Shardula. 30.2

"Oh Rākṣasa, your complexion is not what it should be and you look miserable. I hope you have not fallen as a victim in to the hands of those angry monkeys." 30.3

Thus questioned by Rāvaṇa, that Rākṣasa Shardula started answering him slowly to Rāvaṇa who was a tiger among Rākṣasas. 30.4

"Oh king it is not possible to spy upon on that very strong and Valorous monkeys who are protected by Rāma." 30.5

"It is not possible to talk or interrogate them for finding out anything for the entire path is protected by monkeys who look like mountains." 30.6

"As soon as I entered in to their army, I was forcibly caught and examined and questioned in very many ways." 30.7

"I was beaten from all sides with knees, fists, teeth and hands and I was paraded in the midst of the monkey army by those angry ones." 30.8

"After being taken round everywhere I was taken before Rāma's court and blood was flowing from all my limbs and I was shivering." 30.9

"When the monkeys were about to kill me, when I asked for protection from Rāma, he said, "Stay, stay." 30.10

"The great sea has been filled up with stones and boulders and having reached the gates of Lanka, Rāma is standing there well-armed." 30.11

"That greatly lustrous one, after getting me released arranged the marching army in the form of an eagle and surrounded by monkeys he is marching towards Lanka." 30.12

"Before he reaches our ramparts please do one thing-either return Sītā or get prepared for a great war." 30.13

That chief of monkeys Rāvaṇa though worried in the mind, after hearing these words, replied Shardula using these great words." 30.14

"Even if the devas, Gandharvas and Dānavas come to a battle with me or even If I am afraid of the entire world, I will not give back Sītā." 30.15

After telling these words Rāvaṇa again told, "Were you able to spy on the army?" Who are the important valorous monkeys among them?" 30.16

"How do the unconquerable monkeys look like? What is their power? Whose sons and grandsons are they? Oh Rākṣasas, please tell me this information." 30.17

"I will take a decision only after knowing their strength and weaknesses. Is it not necessary for us to count those among them who wish to fight in the battle." 30.18

After hearing these words of Rāvaṇa, that excellent spy Shardula started telling these words in front of Rāvaṇa. 30.19

"Sugrīva the son of Riksharajas is indeed unconquerable. Here is the famous Jambhavan who is the son of Gadgada." 30.20

"There is one more son of Gadgada and the other is the son of Brihaspati the Guru of Indra, whose son Hanuman is the one who destroyed the Rākṣasas." 30.21

"The other is Suṣeṇa a follower of Dharma and valorous who is the son of Yama and then there is a monkey called Dadimukha who is cool minded and son of moon god." 30.22

"Durmukha, Sumukha and Vega Darsi are perhaps specially created by Lord Brahma in the form of monkeys as the personification of death." 30.23

"There is the commander-in-chief Nila the son of the fire God and there is Hanuman who is the son of god of wind." 30.24

"There is young Angada, Indra' s grandson who is the strong and invincible one, the mighty Mainda and Dvinda born of the twin gods called Aśvinī Kumāras, Gaja, Gavaksha, Gavaya, Śarabhā and Gandhamādana the five sons of Yama the God of Death all of them resembling Yama at the time of dissolution of the world, besides the valiant ten crores of monkeys who are yearning for battle who are all here. I will not be able tell about the remaining glorious sons of god." 30.25-30.27

"That young man is Rāma, the son of Daśaratha, who has a body like lion and he was the one who killed Dūṣaṇa, Khara and Triśirā." 30.28

"In this world there is no one who has got prowess equal to Rāma and he was the one who killed the god of death Kabandha and Virādha." 30.29

No one in this earth would be capable of describing Rāma's good qualities and he was the one who killed all the Rākṣasas living in Janasṭhāna." 30.30

"There is Lakṣmaṇa who is the soul of Dharma who is strong as elephant and a tiger, in the path of whose arrows of even Indra, the king of devas cannot stand." 30.31

"Sweta and Jyotirmukha are the sons of the sun-god, a monkey called Hemakūṭa, another son of Varuṇa, Nila the son of Viśvakarma the strong and the best of monkeys, as well as that mighty and swift Durdhara the son of Vasus are all here." 30.32-30.33

"There is the best of the Rākṣasas Vibhīṣaṇa who is your brother and having got the city of Lanka, he likes to be in the best interest of Rāma." 30.34

"Thus I have described in detail about the entire army stationed in Mount Suvela and it is for you to take decision as to what needs to be done." 30.35

This is the end of Thirtieth Sarga of Yuddha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.