Rāmāyana | Yuddha Kaṇḍa | Chapter 28

28. Spies Show Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa

[They continue identifying many more monkey chiefs including Sugrīva, Then they describe Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa. They also tell Rāvaṇa about the total size of the army.]

After the king of Rākṣasas heard the account given by Śarana, Śuka pointed out the army of monkeys to him and spoke. 28.1

"Oh king those monkeys whom you who are like huge elephants and huge banyan trees which stand on banks of river Ganges and Sāla trees which stand on the Himalaya mountain would be able assume any form that they wish and are equal to Devas and Rākṣasas and have the power of devas in a battle." 28.2-28.3

"They are twenty one thousand crores and thousand Shuankus and Hundred Vrundas in number [these are explained later in this chapter]. 28.4

"All those ministers of Sugrīva who always live in Kiṣkindha though monkeys are born to devas and Gandharvas and can assume any form that they want." 28.5

"The lads standing there with the looks of devas are Mainda and Dvividhaḥ are twins and no one is equal to them in war." 28.6

"These twins who have consumed nectar of immortality with the consent of Brahma are hoping that with their power they would be able to destroy Lanka." 28.7

"There you see a monkey who stands like an intoxicated elephant, who by his strength and fury can even churn the oceans. Oh Lord, he had come in search of the daughter of Videha to Lanka and that monkey whom you have seen earlier has come gain." 28.8-28.9

"That monkey who crossed the ocean is the eldest son of Keśarī and is also the son of wind God and is well known as Hanuman." 28.10

"Oh Lord, that monkey can take any form he likes, is strong and pretty and he can move like his Lord, the wind God." 28.11

"When he was child and hungry, they say that without any effort he jumped three thousand Yojanas saying that he will eat the Sun God for otherwise my hunger will not be appeased, as he was greatly intoxicated with his own strength." 28.12-28.13

"Without being able to reach that God who is beyond the reach of, devas, Deva Rishis and Rākṣasas, he fell on the top of the mountain where sun rises." 28.14

"When he fell on the mountain one of his jaws [Hanu] was broken by a stone and because he has a strong jaw afterwards, he was called Hanuman." 28.15

"I know about that monkey through one of my close friends. It is not possible to describe his, strength, form and his great power." 28.16

"He using his own power wants to destroy Lanka. How can you forget this monkey who like a comet lighted Lanka? Some of those fires are still burning." 28.17

"Nearby is a dark coloured warrior with eyes like lotuses he is a chief warrior among Ikshvāku clan, his heroism is well-known in the world, his sense of duty never wavers, nor does he ever go against Dharma, he knows how to use Brahma's weapon and is conversant with Veda, he is the most learned of the Vedic scholars, he shatters the firmament with his arrows, and rends even the earth, his anger is akin to that of Death, his valour is equal to that of Indra the god of devas, his consort is Sit a who was taken away by you from a place called Janasṭhāna. He is Rāma who has come to wage war on you, Oh king". 28.18-28.21

"That man, having the lustre of pure gold, with a broad chest, having red eyes, with black and curled hair, standing at the right side of Rāma, is called Lakṣmaṇa, who is only interested in the care and welfare of his brother. He is skilled in leadership of war and excellent among the wielders of all weapons." 28.22-28.23

"He is short tempered, difficult to be defeated, valorous, wise, strong and is standing near the right arm of Rāma and is the soul of Rāma outside his body." 28.24

"He does not bother for his life, if it is for the sake of Rāma and he desires to kill all the Rākṣasas himself alone." 28.25

"He who is standing on the right side near to Rāma who is surrounded by Rākṣasas is the king Vibhīṣaṇa." 28.26

"He who has been consecrated as the king of Lanka by the king of kings is enraged with you and would fight the battle with you." 28.27

"The other monkey whom you see as an unshakable mountain and standing in the centre of monkeys is the Lord of all chiefs of monkeys and he is with a boundless energy and who, like a Himalayan hill, very much radiating the other monkeys by his splendour, glory, wisdom, strength and his noble descent, who occupies along with the chiefs of Army Generals, a secret place called Kiṣkindha, with its forests and trees and which place inaccessible because of its impassable mountains, in which is established a good fortune of devas and human beings, whose charming and golden coloured garland with hundred lotuses is beautifying and that person is Sugrīva. This garland along with a lady called Tara as well as the permanent kingdom of monkeys were presented to him by Rāma after having killed Vali." 28.28-28.32

"Wise men call one hundred lakhs as crore and hundred thousand crores is a Shankha." 28.33

"A hundred thousand Shankas are said to be one Maha Shanka. A hundred thousand Maha Shankas are called one Vrindam here. A hundred thousand Vrindas are said to be one Maha Vrindam. A hundred thousand Mahavrindas are called one Padmam here. A hundred thousand padmas are said to be one Mahapadmam. A hundred thousand Mahapadmas are called one Kharvam here. A hundred thousand kharvas are said to be one Mahakharvam. A hundred thousand Mahakharvas are called one Samundram. A hundred thousand Samudras are said to be one ogha here. A hundred thousand oghas are acclaimed a one Mahaugha." 28.34-28.38

"This Sugrīva, the king of monkeys, having great strength and valour is always surrounded by a colossal army and is approaching you to make war, accompanied by the valiant Vibhīṣaṇa and the ministers, as also a hundred thousand crores of Shankas, a thousand Mahashankas, a hundred Vrindas, a thousand mahavrindas, a hundred padmas, a thousand Mahapadmas, a hundred kharvas, samudras and Mahaughas of the same number, and a crore of Mahanghas whole army as such is identical of an ocean." 28.39-28.43

"Oh great king after observing this great army who are having the blazing lustre of planets and who have already arrived, you may have to put in very great effort to win and to avoid defeat." 28.44

This is the end of Twenty Eighth Sarga of Yuddha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.