Rāmāyana | Sundara Kaṇḍa | Chapter 46

Chapter: 46
Army Commanders Destruction

[Rāvaṇa, who was perturbed, sends his five army commanders advising them to be careful in catching and bringing Hanuman. He told them that he knew several warrior monkeys but none of them equalled this monkey in prowess. Those five army commanders along with their army were killed by Hanuman.]

Hearing about the killing of the sons of ministers, Rāvaṇa without making others know about his thoughts took a very suitable decision. 1

That ten headed one, facing the five army commanders Virūpākṣa, Yupaksha, Praghasa, Durdhara the Rākṣasa and Basakarna, who were all greatly learned in the art of war, who had enthusiasm in binding and bringing Hanuman, who had the speed of wind in their war, ordered as follows: 2-3

He told, "Hey, Army Commanders, all of you start along with a huge army accompanied by horses, chariots, elephants. Let that monkey be punished." 4

"When you near that monkey, you should definitely be careful. Not only that you also should use proper techniques to suit the time and place." 5

"Thinking by his actions, I do not consider him as an ordinary monkey. Whatever way you think, it is a huge devil with lot of strength. It should have been created by Indra through incessant prayer just to oppose us." 6

"When all of you join together with me, Nagas, Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Devas, Asuras and Sages have been defeated." 7

"It is possible that they would play some trick against us. This definitely is that. There is no doubt about it. Use all your strength and catch hold of it and tie it." 8

"Do not make a poor estimate of that Monkey who is very heroic. For I have seen other very great warrior monkeys like Bali with Sugrīva, the very strong Jambhavan, their army-commander Nīla and others like Dvividhaḥ. But none of them have this great speed, nor do they have this lustre, nor heroism, nor wisdom, nor the strong capacity, nor the power to assume any form." 9-11

(In Uttara Kanda, there is a story that Bali simply caught hold of Rāvaṇa and took him along with him once. It seems he tied Rāvaṇa to the rope holding cradle of Angada. Later at the request of Brahma, he released him. It is mentioned that the only other person who had defeated Rāvaṇa was Kartā Vīryāryuna, who was in turn killed by Paraśurāma.)

"I think it is a very great devil which has assumed the shape of monkey. You have lot of effort and stop its jumping." 12

"All people among Devas, Asuras an men including Indra cannot stand before you in war. This is definitely true." 13

"In spite of that, the expert who desires victory in war, has to take great efforts to protect his soul, because in war victory is never definite." 14

All of them who had lustre like fire, who were very intelligent and who were greatly valorous accepted the advice of their master and started for war with chariots, vigorous elephants, very fast horses, armed with several types of weapons. 15-16

Then those warriors saw that great monkey who was shining like the rising sun with its natural rays. 17

All of them as soon as they saw him, who was exuberant, who was very courageous, who was very strong, who was very intelligent, who had assumed a very big form, who was very wise and who was sitting at the entrance of the tower, surrounded him from all sides and opposed him with several great weapons. 18-19

Durdhara shot at the head of Hanuman, five arrows made of steel which were hurting, sharp, black like Utpala (black plant) and having red ends. 20

Hurt by the five piercing arrows, he rose in the sky with a roar which could be heard in all the ten directions. 21

Then the very strong and great warrior Durdhara who was sitting in a chariot and who had connected arrows in his bow started continuously shooting very sharp arrows at him. 22

That monkey approached him who was raining arrows from the sky, like the wind at the end of rainy season nears the raining cloud. 23

Then that clever son of wind-god, who was attacked by Durdhara, increased in size more than before and roared with a huge sound. 24

That very intelligent monkey rose up to a very great height in the sky and suddenly jumped on the chariot of Durdhara like the fire of thunder. 25

Then that Durdhara left his chariot with eight dead horses and whose axle was broken and fell out lifeless. 26

Seeing him lying dead on the floor, Virūpākṣa and Yupaksha, who are unperturbed and who can destroy their enemies became very angry and attacked him. 27

Those two, who were raising very fast in the clear sky, hit the big handed monkey, who was standing, with Thorne maces. 28

He, who was very strong and equal in valour to Garuda, became very angry and after clearing them away jumped on the earth. 29

That monkey, who was the son of wind-god, saw a Sala tree, uprooted it and hit those two warriors with it and killed them. 30

Then Praghasa seeing that the strong monkey has killed all the three of them, opposed the monkey with great anger and force. 31

The great hero Bhasakarna from one side took a spear and became very angry at the unperturbed and famous monkey chief. 32

Bhasakarna pierced the great monkey by his spear and Praghasa pierced him with a long handed sharp spear. 33

That monkey, wounded by those two, was angry with all his hair getting blood soaked and looked like the shining young sun. 34

That monkey chief and great warrior Hanuman, uprooted a peak of mountain, which was full of animals, snakes and trees and killed the two Rākṣasas. 35

After killing those five army army-commanders, then destroyed their remaining army. 36

Like the thousand eyed Indra opposing the Rākṣasas that monkey killed horses by horses, elephants by elephants, soldiers by soldiers and chariots by chariots. 37

Covered fully by the dead elephants, dead horses, axle broken big chariots and dead Rākṣasas, the earth became path less. 38

Then the monkey chief, after killing those chiefs of army along with their soldiers, returned back to the gate and waited there similar to the God of death waiting to kill the people. 39

Thus ends the forty sixth chapter of Sundara Kanda in the Rāmāyaṇa which is the first epic written by Vālmīki.