Rāmāyana |Kiṣkindha Kaṇḍa| Chapter 54

54. Hanuman Talks to Angada

[Hanuman feeling that a revolt is brewing, calms it down by creating difference of opinion between people.]

When Tara whose face was glowing like the lord of stars spoke like this, Hanuman thinking that he will usurp the kingdom of monkeys told. 54.1

Hanuman thought that Angada has eight types of intelligence, four types of tactics and fourteen different traits. 54.2

[Hearing, grasping, understanding, discrimination, receiving the good aspects only, comprehensive knowledge, profundity and acumen are the eight type of intelligence. Sama, Dhāna, Bheda and Daṇḍa are the four tactics and 1. Knowledge of place and time 2. Sturdiness 3. Enduring troubles 4. Knowing all possible 5. Skilfulness 6. Self-defence 7. Maintaining confidentiality of strategies 8. Avoiding unwanted debates [or not uttering lies] 9. Courageousness 10. Recognizing strengths and weaknesses of one's own and of others also 11. Faithfulness 12. Sheltering the seekers of shelter 13. Showing anger at appropriate times 14. Unwavering in opinions or actions are the fourteen different traits.]

Hanuman started consulting Angada who was ever shining in strength and valour who was growing in majesty constantly like the Moon in the bright fortnight, whose intellectual prowess was equal to that of Brihaspati, who was equal to his father in valour and listening to Tara like Indra listened to Śukrā’s words. Angada was skilful in all the shastras. 54.3-54.5

That expert in conversation resorted to the third of the fourth strategies to create difference of opinion between the monkeys. 54.6

When all the monkeys had different viewpoints, Hanuman frightened Angada by telling many frightening words along with a mixture of anger and tricks. 54.7

"Oh Son of Tara, in war you are more efficient than your father and so you can control the monkey kingdom more firmly your father." 54.8

"Oh Monkey, all monkeys are always with a vacillating mind and so leaving their sons and wives, they would not be under your command forever." 54.9

"I am directly and frankly telling you that all the monkeys are not going to be obedient o you. Neither Jambhavan, Nala, the great monkey Suhotra, nor even myself agree with your opinion and it is not possible for you to influence any of these monkeys using Sama, Dhāna, Bheda and Daṇḍa methods. 54.10-54.11

"It is said that if a strong man wages a war with a weak one, then the weak should not resist but watch patiently for a suitable opportunity and never wage a war." 54.12

"If you think that it is safe to stay in this cave, please remember that for Lakṣmaṇa's arrows breaking open this cave is a petty task." 54.13

"Earlier Indra has done some small damage to this cave by throwing his thunderbolt but Lakṣmaṇa with his sharp arrows can tear it up like a leaf cup." 54.14

"Lakṣmaṇa has many types of such sharp arrows, whose touch has the effect of the thunderbolt and they can even split the mountain." 54.15

"Oh scorcher of enemies, if you take a decision to stay here, immediately all these monkeys would decide and they would go away." 54.16

"They would all be agitated on thinking about their wives and children and be depressed to go without food and sleep on these harsh beds and so they would leave you and go away." 54.17

"You who would be deserted by your friends and your well-wisher relatives and you would start getting scared even with a movement of grass." 54.18

"Those horrible accurate arrows of Lakṣmaṇa which travel fast sent with a target to kill you would come with speed and would be unassailable." 54.19

"But if you go along with us and approach Sugrīva with humility, after him Sugrīva would crown you as the king." 54.20

"The brother of your father loves Dharma, is pleasure loving, steadfast in his thoughts, pure, and one who upholds his promise and if you go with us he will not punish you." 54.21

"Your mother is very dear to Sugrīva and is like his soul and he has no offspring except you and so you should go back with us." 54.22

This is the end of Fifty Fourth Sarga of Kiṣkindha Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.