Rāmāyana | Bala Kaṇḍa | Chapter 7

Sargam [Chapter]: 7
Ayodhyā's Greatness and its Administration

[A glowing but detailed account of the town of Ayodhyā including its administration is given in this chapter.]

Those ministers of the descendants of Ikshvāku had great virtues and were competent advisers and were skilled in judging the motives of people from their face and did all that they could do to the good of the king. 7.1

King Daśaratha employed eight ministers who were free from problems in dealing with people and who were devoted to the royal duties. 7.2

The eight ministers of King Daśaratha were Driṣṭi, Jayanta, Vijaya, Sidhatha, Artha Sādhaka, Aśoka, Mantram Pala and Sumantra. 7.3

King Daśaratha had two highly desired sages Vaṣiṣṭha and Vāmadeva as family priests. He had other able counsellors also. 7.4

These family priests were well educated in all branches of knowledge, felt ashamed to do unjust acts, were greatly proficient, were with restrained senses, were rich, great souls who were expert in Śāstras, greatly valorous, fixed on their thoughts, Followed strictly words given by them, possessed splendour of forgiveness and always spoke with a smile. 7.5-7.6

They never uttered unjust words or lies either in anger or for pecuniary gains and in the midst of their enemies, they knew what was done and what has to be done or that which needs to be done though spies. 7.7

Those ministers were competent in their dealings and in friendship they were trusted and even in case of their own sons, they properly judged and imposed punishments. 7.8

The ministers were expert in collection of revenue, collecting people for army and did not inflict punishment to those who were not their well-wishers, if they did not commit any offence. 7.9

They were greatly powerful, possessed steady perseverance, followed policy of state perfectly and protected virtuous people living in the country. 7.10

They did not cause problems to Kshatriyas and Brāhmaṇas by word, thought and deed and filled the treasury. They inflicted punishment on a person only after proper examination of the weakness and strength of the case. 7.11

The ministers who were of good conduct administered the kingdom unanimously and there was not a single liar in the city or kingdom. 7.12

In the city, even one wicked man who desired for another's wife did not exist and serenity prevailed in the entire country. 7.13

All the ministers wore very good cloths, were well adorned and of very good character and they were vigilant to keep up the welfare of the king's welfare. 7.14

They got inspiration from senior citizens like mother and father, renowned in their prowess, they guided all affairs using their intellect and they were well known in countries outside theirs. 7.15

The ministers were affluent and were well aware of real state of affairs in peace and war. They were experts in keeping their plans secret and were experts in understanding the points before coming to a decision. They were experts in jurisprudence and always spoke in a pleasing voice. 7.16-7.17

The sin free Daśaratha, surrounded by ministers with these virtues, ruled the earth. 7.18

Tiger among men, that Daśaratha guarded his people, pleased and protected the righteous ones by gathering effective intelligence through spies, deserted the unrighteous ones and was well known in all the three worlds and ruled well. 7.19-7.20

He had many friends and all tributary kings were humble to him. He killed all his enemies by his might and there was no enemy who was equal or superior to him. He ruled the world just like Indra ruled the heavens. 7.21

Surrounded by those ministers who advised him for his welfare with affection to him, who were skilful and capable, the King shined like the rising Sun with his luminous rays. 7.22

This is the end of Seventh Sarga of Bala Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.