Rāmāyana | Bala Kaṇḍa | Chapter 6

Sargam [Chapter]: 6
Ayodhyā's Kings and its People

[Description of the kings of Ayodhyā including Daśaratha as well as of the town and its people are given in this chapter.]

The King Daśaratha, a scholar in Vedas, who has collected all knowledge, far sighted one, who has great splendour, leading light to his citizens, great charioteer of the Ikshvāku clan, performer of fire sacrifices, who is an expert in practice of Dharma, who is in control, who is equal to a sage, the royal saint, who is famous in the three worlds, who is strong, destroyer of enemies, who had lot of friends, who has fully controlled his sense organs, who is wealthy, who has other great possessions, who can be compared to Indra and Kubera, lived in that city of Ayodhyā, being powerful protected all the world and could be compared to Manu who ruled the world earlier. 6.1-6.4

That Daśaratha, who was truthful and who strictly followed the three types of dharmas [Dharma, Artha and Kama], ruled the great city of Ayodhyā similar to Indra who ruled his city Amarāvatī. 6.5

In this great city people were happy, followed Dharma, well learned, owned riches and possessions, spoke the truth and were without greed. 6.6

In that great city, there were none who have not accumulated wealth, or one who has not achieved Dharma, Artha and Kama, nor one who did not possess food grains, cattle and horses. 6.7

In that city, one who has lust, one who is a miser or one who is cruel or one who is not learned or one who is an atheist could not be seen anywhere. 6.8

All men and women were righteous in character and had full self-control and were prosperous, had good conduct and behaviour and lived like sages. 6.9

There were none without ornaments, without a coronet, without garlands, deficient in worldly enjoyments, without getting their limbs anointed and without applying expensive aromatic oils on their body. 6.10

There were none, who did not eat well or who were without charitable nature or who were without wearing bracelets in their upper hands or who did not have ornaments on their neck or who had not restrained their self. 6.11

In that city, there were none, who did not kindle a sacrificial fire or those who did not perform sacrifices nor thieves nor mean minded persons nor people of improper descent or mixed caste. 6.12

The Brahmins in Ayodhyā were interested in performing their duties, had control over their senses, were charitable by nature, were self-controlled, did self-study, accepted charity and their marital relation was confined to their wives. 6.13

During that period, there was not a single atheist, nor one who told a lie nor one who was jealous or incompetent or illiterate nor who has not learned their Śastras. 6.14

In the city of Ayodhyā. there was no Brahmin, who was not an expert in Vedāngas, or one who did not perform penances or one who did not donate in thousands to the one who was in distress or vexed in mind. 6.15

In Ayodhyā, there was no man or woman who did not have wealth and beauty and it was not possible to a person who did not have devotion to king. 6.16

In that great city all the people in the four castes worshipped guests as Gods and all of them were endowed with gratitude, who was not munificent or heroic or not processing prowess and they lived long surrounded by sons, grandsons and wives. They were righteous and dedicated to truth. 6.17- 6.18

The Kshatriyas were obedient to Brahmins and Vaisyas cooperated with Kshatriyas and Śūdras assisted the other three castes and each of them were occupied with their professions. 6.19

That city which was earlier governed by Manu, who was foremost among men and a supreme person of wisdom was governed in the same way by King Daśaratha. 6.20

Ayodhyā was filled with warriors, which was similar to Mountain caves filled with lions and they, like the flame of fire, were accomplished in the use of weapons. 6.21

It had excellent horses similar to the Uchaiśrava of Indra, in areas like Khambhoja, Bhallika, Vanyu and Sindhu. 6.22

It had also elephants like the intoxicated elephants of Vindhya Range, strong elephants born in Himalayas which were blessed with great strength and looked like Mountains and there were also mighty elephants belonging to the clan of Airāvata, Mahapadma, Anjana and Vāmana. 6.23-6.24

The city was full of intoxicated elephants which were similar to Mountains belonging to the race of Bhadra, Mandhra, Mriga, the interbreeds of these three races. 6.25

The Ayodhyā city in which Daśaratha lived in that kingdom, spread to a distance of 4 miles and was worthy of its name. 6.26

The revered King Daśaratha, who had great splendour, made his enemies as his friends and ruled Ayodhyā like the moon who ruled the stars. 6.27

Ayodhyā was auspicious, had strong gates and locks, adorned buildings and was populated by thousands of men and was ruled by King Daśaratha equal in prowess to Lord Indra. 6.28

This is the end of Sixth Sarga of Bala Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.