Rāmāyana | Bala Kaṇḍa | Chapter 2

Sargam [Chapter]: 2
Divine Guidance to Rāmāyaṇa

[[After leaving sage Nārada, Sage Vālmīki reaches the banks of Tamasā (Darkness) River and sees the male Krauṇcha bird of a pair of birds being killed by a hunter. The sorrow of the female bird moves Vālmīki and he exclaims at the hunter and this anguish of his comes in a pretty verse form following all rules of grammar. He doesn’t understand why did it happen like that and in this moment Lord Brahma visits him and advises him to compose the story of Rāma in the same meter and same form. Vālmīki complied.]]

That master of the words, hearing the words of Sage Nārada, worshipped sage Nārada along with his disciples. 2.1

After being worshipped, Nārada, who was a Deva Rishi, took leave of him and started towards heavens. 2.2

As soon as the sage went to Devaloka, Sage Vālmīki went to a place, not very far from Ganges, situated on the banks of Tamasā River. 2.3

Having reached the banks of Tamasā River that great sage, seeing the placid waters without sediment, spoke as follows to his disciples. 2.4

Oh Bhāradvāja, please see these pleasing waters without any sediment [sin], which are like the mind of a good man. 2.5

Dear one, please keep the water pot there and give my dress made of bark and I will then enter the sacred waters of this river. 2.6

Having been told like this by the great soul Vālmīki, Bhāradvāja obediently gave the dress of bark to him. 2.7

With all his senses under control, he took the Bark dress from the hands of his student, saw the very big forest and wandered in it. 2.8

In the vicinity of that spot, he saw two very sweet voiced Krauṇcha birds, who do not part from each other, moving about near that holy spot. 2.9

A hunter, full of cruelty and with sinful intent, neglecting the sage's presence, killed the male bird out of that pair. 2.10

When that bird fell with a blood drenched body, the she bird started wailing pitiably and being parted from his pair who was always with her, who was with copper crested wings and was intoxicated by love when he had wings. 2.11

Seeing the pair being felled by the hunter that sage with a Rightful mind was filled with great compassion. 2.12

Then that sage seeing the female bird which was wailing, felt that the slaying of the bird at that time was the sinful act and told the following words. 2.13

Oh hunter, since you have killed a Krauṇcha from the pair, when they were infatuated with love, for that reason you would be denied a pleasant life for a long time to come. 2.14

After uttering these words, he became thoughtful and turned his vision inside his mind, he told "what are these words uttered by me, having been distressed by the sorrow of the bird?" 2.15

That great very thoughtful and brainy sage thought and the following words were told to his disciples by the great sage. 2.16

From me came out, due to the great sorrow which I had, the four lines with equal number of letters without any effort, with rhythm suitable to stringed instruments and let it be a verse and not otherwise. 2.17

Hearing the words, which were thus spoken by the sage, the disciple learnt it by heart and his teacher [sage Vālmīki ] was greatly pleased with him. 2.18

After taking bath in the sacred waters following the proper way, brooding greatly over the words told by him, the sage returned to his hermitage. 2.19

Bhāradvāja who was greatly learned in scriptures, followed him with humility, followed him with his water pot full of water from the river. 2.20

Sage Vālmīki , who knew Dharma well, entered his hermitage and meditating on the incident started composing other such stories. 2.21

That sage, who was an expert in Dharma, entered the hermitage with his disciples, sat meditating and started composing other stories 2.22

There came Brahma, the creator of the world and the lord, who has four heads and a great lustre, desirous of seeing that great sage. 2.23

Vālmīki , seeing him, got up, stood there, disciplined in speech and with folded hands. 2.24

He worshipped that God and offered him water for washing his feet, seat and water for drinking, saluted the one who determines fate and enquired about his welfare. 2.25

Then the God sat in the great worshipful seat offered to him and signalled sage Vālmīki to sit in another seat. 2.26

He then occupied the seat shown by Brahma and when that grandfather of all the worlds has also been seated, meditated on the events that had happened in his mind and was greatly absorbed. 2.27

The act done by the sinner with a mind set on enmity and killed that sweet voiced Krauṇcha that he saw without any reason. 2.28

After lamenting again and again, he lamented about the Krauṇcha bird again and again, recited the verse. 2.29

Then Lord Brahma, with a smile, addressed the great sage and said, "You have indeed composed a verse." 2.30 Oh Brahma Rishi, it is as per my will that this knowledge came in to you, and oh great saint, please compose the story of Rāma. 2.31

In the righteous natured virtuous world of the wise, Rāma is great and so do narration of the history of Rāma as told by Nārada. 2.32

The known and unknown aspects of the story of the learned Rāma along with Lakshmana and that of the Rākṣasas as well as that of Vaidehī, though it may not have been known earlier, would be clear to your mind and will be revealed to you. 2.33-2.34

In the epic, even a single word that you write would not become a lie and so compose the sacred and interesting story of Rāma in the form of verses. 2.35

As long as the Mountains and rivers exist in this world, the story of Rāmāyaṇa would be talked about by people. 2.36

As long as the story of Rāmāyaṇa as written by you is being told, till then you would reside in the earth, heaven and the nether world. 2.37

Saying this, that God Brahma vanished. And this made the sage and his disciples astonished. 2.38

Then all his disciples exceedingly surprised again and again chanted the verse and were delighted. 2.39

The verse with four lines, each line having the same number of letters was repeatedly recited by the great sage and this won him great praise. 2.40

At that time a thought arose in Vālmīki, who was capable of putting thought in to action and he decided to compose Rāmāyaṇa entirely in this meter. 2.41

The renowned and generous sage started writing the glory of Rāma, containing hundreds of verses each having the same syllable, using excellent and mind charming meaningful words. 2.42

The story of Rāma and slaying of Rāvaṇa was composed by words of conjunction and compound words. He composed meaningful sentences with lucid and meaningful phrases. And kindly listen to it. 2.43

This is the end of Second Sarga of Bala Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.