Rāmāyana |Ayodhyā Kaṇḍa| Chapter 110

110. Rāma's Clan Genealogy

[Vasiṣṭha tells Rāma about the history of his family from Sun till Daśaratha.]

Observing that Rāma was angry, sage Vasiṣṭha told him, "Jābāli also knows about the coming and going from this world to other world." 110.1

"He told you all this with a desire for you to return. Oh Lord of the earth, I would teach you about the origin of the world." 110.2

"In the beginning there was only water and later earth was formed. There after Brahma who was self born, along with other Gods came into existence." 110.3

"Brahma assuming the form of a boar upheld the earth and created the world along with his sons who were purified souls." 110.4

"The eternal changeless and imperishable Brahma came from sky [space] and from him Marīchi was born and Kaśyapa was his son." 110.5

"Kaśyapa begot Vivaswat [Sun] and Manu was born as the son of Vivaswat. He was the lord of the people [Prajāpati] and Ikshvāku was his son." 110.6

"Manu first gave Ikshvāku very prosperous land and please know That Ikshvāku was the first king of Ayodhyā" 110.7

"The great Kukshi was the son of Ikshvāku and thereafter the heroic Vikukṣi was born as son of Kukshi." 110.8

"The greatly lustrous and famous Bali was born as son to Vikukṣi and the very strong mighty armed Anaraṇya was born as son to Bali." 110.9

"When Anaraṇya the best of the virtuous people was the king of Ayodhyā, there was no drought or famine in the kingdom and there were no thieves." 110.10

"The mighty armed Prithu was born to Anaraṇya, and the great king Triśaṅku was born to him and due to his truthfulness, he went to heaven with the physical body." 110.11

"Dhundumāra was the famous son of Triśaṅku and he was the father of greatly lustrous Yuvanāśva." 110.12

"The great Māndhātā was the son of Yuvanāśva and mighty Susandhi was born as son to Māndhātā and to Susandhi was born two sons Dhruvasandhi and Presanajith and the very famous slayer of enemies, Bhārata was born as son of Dhruvasandhi." 110.13-110.14

"The mighty armed Asita was born to Bhārata. Against him rose the Haihayas, Talajanghas and the valorous Sasibindhu as enemies." 110.15-110.16

"That king fought with all these enemies, was defeated and got exiled. He retired to a delightful mountain and became a sage." 110.17

"He had two wives and both got pregnant and one of them gave the other poison to her co-wife to kill her unborn child." 110.18

"At that time a sage by name Chyavana, the descendent of Bhrigu had taken shelter in the Himalaya mountains and Kālindī the wife of Asita, approached the sage, saluted him and asked for a boon, for birth of a son from that Brahmin." 110.19

"Oh queen, a great son, renowned all over the world, of virtuous by conduct, destroyer of enemies and perpetuator of his race would be born to you." 110.20

"The greatly delighted Kālindī, went round the sage took leave of him and went home and she gave birth to a boy who had eyes like the petals of the lotus and lustrous like Lord Brahma." 110.21-110.22

"Her co-wife had given Kālindī poison so that this unborn child would be killed but that child was born along with the poison and so was named as Sagara." 110.23

"King Sagara after performing a sacrifice on full moon day started digging the ocean which frightened people." 110.24

"We hear that a son called Asamanjā was born to Sagara and he was one who indulged in evil deeds and was banished by his father when he was still alive." 110.25

"The valorous Amśumān was the son of Asamanjā, Dilipa was Amśumān’s son and Bhagīratha was the son of Dilipa." 110.26

"Kākutstha was born to Bhagīratha, from whom you have become famous as Kakusthas. Raghu was the son of Kākutstha, from whom all of you became famous as Rāghavas." 110.27

"The lustrous son of Raghu became famous as Purushadhaka, Kanmashapada and also as Saudāsa." 110.28

"The famous son of Kanmashapada was Shankana and one facing him with his army was destroyed." 110.29

The son of Shankana was the great Sudarśana who was the father of Agnivarna. Shighraga was the son of Sudarśana and his son was Maru. Maru's son was Prashushruva and to Prashushruva was born greatly lustrous Ambariṣa. Nahuṣa with matchless strength was the son of Ambariṣa and his son was the great follower of Dharma Nābhāga. Nābhāga had two sons, Aja and Suvrata and Aja's son was the righteous king Daśaratha. 110.30-110.33

"Oh king, you are well known, far and wide as Rāma and you are the eldest son of the king and the inheritor of the kingdom and so accept the kingdom and look after the people well." 110.34

"In the clan of Ikshvāku, always the eldest son always becomes the king and when the eldest is alive, the younger ones are never crowned as kings." 110.35

"Oh famous one, it is not proper for you to change the tradition of the house of Raghus and so rule this great kingdom with lots of treasures just like your father." 110.36

This is the end of One Hundred and Tenth Sarga of Ayodhyā Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.