Rāmāyana |Ayodhyā Kaṇḍa| Chapter 109

109. Rāma Differs with Jābāli

[Rāma differs from Jābāli and gets angry with him. Jābāli tells Rāma that he told those words not because he is an atheist but to take back Rāma to Ayodhyā.]

Hearing the words of Jābāli, Rāma, the best among truthful souls, with divine devotion and unshakable intellect replied. 109.1

"The words that you have just now told with a view to please me, is unfit to be followed though it appears to be fit, and appears beneficial though it is detrimental." 109.2

"A man who conducts himself without respect is one endowed with sinful conduct and one who follows conduct different from accepted practices is not respected by good men." 109.3

"It is only ones behaviour that determines whether he belongs to high or low family, whether he is valorous and respected by other men or whether he is honest or dishonest." 109.4

"Any man who appears to be noble but who is really not noble, appears to be pure though impure, appears to be endowed with all good while he is bad, appears to be of good character while he does not have anything good in him, appears to follow Dharma while he is not creates confusion in this world. Living a life without pious acts and against the scriptures is against Dharma and if I were to follow such a life, I would be engaged in wicked acts and a man discriminating between good and bad, will not hold me in high esteem." 109.5-109.7

"If I break the vow and modify my life from what I am following now, would I be able to instruct good conduct to others and will I go to heaven?" 109.8

"Then the entire world would do as it likes, for do not citizens imitate the conduct of their kings?" 109.9

"Truth is benevolent and the kings follow it from ancient times and the soul of the kingdom is truth and so the foundation of people is truth." 109.10

"The sages and devas considered truth as supreme and the man speaking truth would not deteriorate but become divine." 109.11

"People are agitated on seeing a man who does not speak truth like they have seen a serpent. Truth is the dharma of divine world and it is told, it is the root cause of heaven." 109.12

"Truth is the God of the world and the wealth gets established in truth. Truth is the root of everything and there is no salvation without truth." 109.13

"Charity, sacrifices, penance and Vedas are all firmly established on truth and so everyone should surrender to the truth." 109.14

"One person looks after the world, another looks only after his clan. One person sinks to hell and another rises to heaven, depending on how he practices truth." 109.15

"I am truthful to my promise and a truthful devotee of truth and why should I not keep up the promise that I gave to my father's order." 109.16

"Being a votary of truth, I will break the truth spoken by my father and thus break the bridge of morality out of greed, delusion, dark passion or ignorance." 109.17

"We have heard that either gods or manes would not accept the offerings of one who tells lies or one who is unstable and has an unsteady mind." 109.18

"I personally see that truth and Dharma as the universal spirit and therefore I consider any burden in life which is carried with pleasure by good people, as good to me also." 109.19

"I would renounce the so called Dharma of Kshatriyas, because is dharma in the cloak if injustice practiced by petty, cruel and miserly people of evil deeds." 109.20

"Men conceive an evil idea in mind, do it with their body and cover it up with lies spoken by the tongue and thus any sin is three fold." 109.21

"The earth, fame and renown get attracted only to a truthful man and even those in heaven see only the truth that we possess." 109.22

"The course which you thought as excellent and urged me to perform with logical statements is not to be carried out by gentlemen." 109.23

"After promising to my father [elder] that I would live in the forest, if I follow the words of Bhārata, would I not be disregarding the words of my elder." 109.24

"In front of my father I took a stable oath that I would live in forest and the lady Kaikeyi was extremely pleased by it." 109.25

"I shall live in the forest purified, with regulated food, satisfying the manes and gods by offering them flowers, fruits and roots, with my five sense controlled, without duplicity, with faith and differentiating between what ought to be done and what should not be done." 109.26-109.27

"Anyone who wants to do his duties should perform his religious and auspicious duties for even Fire, wind and the moon have taken that position." 109.28

"After performing hundred fire sacrifices, the king of devas went to heaven, and by performing terrible penances the sages go to heaven." 109.29

Again Rāma, the son of the king who had great lustre, after he heard those atheistic arguments, being unable to tolerate them told these disdainful words. 109.30

"Sages say that truthfulness, dharma, valour, compassion to all beings, talking of only pleasing words and offering homage to Brahmins, devas and guests are the real path to heaven." 109.31

"And because of that those learned in Vedas, after clearly understanding the matters which are to their advantage, adopt the fruitful path of Dharma which is right according to scriptures and seek attainment of high positions." 109.32

"You are having materialistic opinions and so your mind is following the extremely atheistic path and as such you are detached from the path of Dharma. I am blaming my father who has taken a person like you in his service." 109.33

"Sometimes a very knowledgeable man behaves like a thief and slowly reaches the state of atheism and such ones are greatly distrusted by people and so an intellectual should never come in contact with an atheist." 109.34

"Men preceding you who are superior to you in intelligence have performed many auspicious deeds. Brahmins only perform religious acts for upliftment of society." 109.35

"Those good people following the path of Dharma become greatly lustrous and take to charity and do not indulge in violence and become people without sins and later become great saints." 109.36

Hearing those very angry words of the great Rāma with fearless intellect, that Brahmin replied using beneficial words filled with faith in a diplomatic way. 109.37

"I never speak the words of atheists and nor am I an atheist even to an insignificant extent and according to the need of the time I speak words of theism or atheism." 109.38

"Since the time suited to request you to return, Oh Rāma, I spoke the words of atheism, only to propitiate you and please you." 109.39

This is the end of One Hundred and Ninth Sarga of Ayodhyā Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.