Rāmāyana | Ayodhyā K| Chapter 108

108. Jābāli Reasons with Rāma

[Jābāli, a great Brahmin, an atheist and a minister of Daśaratha, tells Rāma that man is born alone and dies alone. The parents and teachers are only like stops in their way and there is no such thing called duty towards them.]

When Rāma was consoling Bhārata, a great Brahmin called Jābāli, told Rāma the follower of Dharma, words which were against Dharma. 108.1

"Great, Oh Rāghava, Oh noble minded one, Oh high thinking one, do not entertain nonsensical thoughts like a common man." 108.2

"Any animal is born alone and also dies alone and so what is the relation of one man to another and what does one man obtain from another." 108.3

"Oh Rāma, therefore, when a man is attached to another pointing that person as his mother or his father, he talks like a mad man. Because a relation does not exist of one person with another." 108.4

"Oh son of Kākutstha clan, a person going to another village spends the night at one spot and continues his journey from there next day morning. In the same way, father, mother, home and wealth are but resting places and so wise people are not attached to them." 108.5-108.6

"Oh best of men, you do not deserve to give up the kingdom of your father and this state which is painful, inaccessible and full of thorns." 108.7

"Go and get your installed as lord in the prosperous city of Ayodhyā, which is waiting for you like a chaste lady with a single braid." 108.8

"Oh son of the king, go to Ayodhyā which is like the heaven of Indra and sport and enjoy there, the inestimable royal pleasures." 108.9

"Daśaratha is nobody to you and you are nobody to him because that king is a particular person and you are a different person and so please do as I tell you." 108.10

"For any animal father is but a seed and when at the favourable time the semen mixes with the blood in mother's womb, the birth of a man takes place." 108.11

"That king has gone to the place where he is bound to go and that is the fate of all mortals and you are suffering without any reason." 108.12

"I am sad for those who desire for Artha and Dharma and not for all others because these people suffer in this world and are destroyed at time of death." 108.13

"People perform the sacrifice for the dead, for the spirit of their manes and offer them food which they are not going to eat. Please look at the wastage of food." 108.14

"If the food that we eat can any way reach the body of another, then we may offer Śraddhā to any person who is going to the other world? Would the food that we offer them reach them, when they are on their way?" 108.15

The intelligent people convince people to give charity and keep on telling them, "Give in Charity", "Be initiated", "Practice austerities " and "Renounce" so they will get charities by such actions. 108.16

"Oh very intelligent one, there is no next world and practice that which you like and which you can be seen by you and turn back from what you cannot see." 108.17

"Observing very many examples in this world and treating the opinion of these wise people as great accept the kingdom offered by Bhārata." 108.18

This is the end of One Hundred and Eighth Sarga of Ayodhyā Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.