Rāmāyana |Ayodhyā Kaṇḍa| Chapter 105

105. Bhārata Argues

[Bhārata says, he has right to give back what he got. He tells that he is not efficient and cannot rule the country well. Rāma talks of inevitability of life and rejects Bhārata's request.]

When those lion among men were lamenting among their friends, the night passed off painfully. 105.1

When the night gave way to dawn, those brothers along with their friends performed morning rituals in the Mandākinī river and returned to Rāma. 105.2

All of them sat silently for some time and did not speak with each other and then Bhārata started speaking to Rāma. 105.3

"For honouring the words of my mother, you have given the kingdom to me and I am now giving it to you and you please enjoy it without any obstacles." 105.4

"Like a dam getting burst due to surge of water, due to great rains cannot be repaired easily, this great kingdom cannot be supported by anyone else except you." 105.5

"The speed of horse or a common bird cannot be compared to that of the Divine Garuda and I do not have the same capacity as you, Oh king." 105.6

"The life of a man on whom others depend for their life is happy, but the life of those who depend on others for their life is miserable." 105.7

"Oh strong one, oh Excellent lord, If a man plants a tree and it grows in to a very large tree with a large trunk, with very many branches, a dwarf man would not be able to climb it. Having put forth lot of flowers suppose it does not bear fruits, the purpose for which it was planted is not fulfilled and the man who planted does not get joy out of it. This simile fits your case. [Daśaratha planted tree of Rāma but is not able to see the fruits.]" 105.8-105.10

"Oh king, oh destroyer of enemies, may all the guilds, traders and other citizens see you, when you are installed the king for all the kingdom like a greatly lustrous sun." 105.11

"Oh son of Kākutstha clan, let elephants intoxicated with ichors trumpet and let the ladies of your private apartment rejoice." 105.12

Hearing the words of Bhārata requesting him to return, the different classes of people who live in the city said, "great, well said." 105.13

Seeing him who is famous, sad and wailing, the man of great determination Rāma consoled him, who is self-possessed. 105.14

"Any man is not independent and cannot do whatever he wants, for he is pulled by fate to a different path from his chosen one." 105.15

"All wealth depletes and people fall from elevated positions. Unions end in separations and life ends in death." 105.16

"Like all the fruits that ripe are afraid of falling down, when a man is born his only fear is death." 105.17

"Any house built on sturdy pillars gets dilapidated and over time decays and in the same way, men are destroyed by getting in the grip of old age and death." 105.18

"Every night passes away, never to return and like that the water filled Yamuna continuously merges its waters with ocean." 105.19

"The life of all beings gets diminished with passing of day and night, like the rays of sun drying water by its heat." 105.20

"Whether you are standing or moving, life keeps on diminishing and so you start worrying about yourself only and not for others." 105.21

"Death follows a man, wherever he goes and if one sits at a place, death also sits with him. If a man travels for a long distance and returns, death also returns with him." 105.22

"With old age wrinkles form on the body and the hair turns gray and so what can a man do to make himself powerful again." 105.23

"People rejoice when the sun rises and also when it sets and he faces the decline of his life without being aware of it." 105.24

"With change of every season man gets overjoyed to see new flowers or fruits but he does not realize that his life span also is getting diminished." 105.25

'A floating wooden piece meets with another such piece in the great ocean and after remaining for some time they are separated after a small passage of time and like that wives, sons, relatives and money after coming to us are definitely going to be separated." 105.26-105.27

"In this world no two beings can be together as much as they like and so one is competent to be sad in the matter of death." 105.28

"Like a man standing on the way side telling to a moving caravan on the road, that "I am following behind you,", one may say that they would follow the path taken by his grand and great grandfather, anybody who is not able to follow that same path should not grieve." 105.29-105.30

"Like the flowing water, never returns to the source, age passes away. And so keep the mind happy and follow the established Dharma and it is said you would be happy by doing that." 105.31

"Our father Daśaratha, the king, the soul of Dharma and performer of auspicious deeds, offered many charities and performed many sacrifices and went to heaven." 105.32

"He ruled over his servants splendidly, ruled over his subjects and accepted wealth as per Dharma and he went to heaven." 105.33

"Our father, the king Daśaratha reached heaven by performance of many auspicious acts, by giving abundant charities and great offerings in sacrifices." 105.34

"That king after performing very many sacrifices and obtaining long life, enjoyed abundant pleasures on this earth and attained heaven." 105.35

"Oh lad, having enjoyed pleasures of life, our father has been honoured in heaven and so he should not be grieved about." 105.36

"Our father after abandoning his worn out mortal body, has obtained a divine treasure and is wandering pleasantly in the world of Brahma." 105.37

"It is not proper for people like me or you to mourn about the very intelligent and learned king Daśaratha who was an expert in scriptures." 105.38

"This many types of sorrow and different type of wailings should be completely avoided at all times by a courageous intelligent human being." 105.39

"Oh foremost among eloquent people, do not be sad and compose yourself. Return to Ayodhyā and reside there as per the order of father, who had great control over his senses." 105.40

"I have been commanded by a man of blessed deeds and I shall carry out the order of my father accordingly." 105.41

"Oh killer of enemies, disobeying the orders of my father to me is not proper, and you also obey it as he was our father and one who loved us." 105.42

"There, to me the order of father who was a great follower of Dharma is agreeable and I would obey it by my action and live in the forest." 105.43

"Oh tiger among men, anyone who wants to conquer the other world should follow dharma, be compassionate and obedient to elders and then only it will happen." 105.44

"Oh best among men, Please observe within yourself the excellent conduct of king Daśaratha and having realized it, you observe your duty." 105.45

That great Lord Rāma after having addressed, his younger brother this way in words full of innate significance "Obey the commands of our father and then stopped. 105.46

This is the end of One Hundred and Fifth Sarga of Ayodhyā Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.