Rāmāyana |Ayodhyā Kaṇḍa| Chapter 100

100. Rāma Enquires about Ayodhyā

[Rāma enquires about various aspects of the kingdom. These also teach how to rule the kingdom.]

Seeing Rāma with matted locks and dressed in cloths of bark, Bhārata fell on the ground in salutation and like the Sun at the time deluge, it was impossible to see him. 100.1

Rāma with great difficulty recognized, his emaciated brother Bhārata with pale looks and having recognized him caught hold his arm and lifted him up. 100.2

Having kissed him on the head Rāma also hugged him and made him sit on his lap and with composed mind enquired. 100.3

"Oh child, you have come to forest and where does our father live? It is not proper for you to come to the forest while he is still living. 100.4

"I have come to a very long distance in to this forest and after a long time, I am seeing you. Oh Bhārata, why have you come with emaciated limbs in to this forest?" 100.5

"Oh child, when you came here, was Daśaratha our father, alive and in good health? Did he depart from this world due to great dejection?" 100.6

"Oh soft natured one, being sad I hope you have not lost the stability of the kingdom? I hope you have not lost the trust of the people? Dear Child, I am hoping that you are doing service to our father who is valorous in truth?" 100.7

"I hope the king Daśaratha is true to his promise and he is performing Yāgas like Aśvamedha and Rājasūya and has determined to observe Dharma. " 100.8

"Oh lad, I hope that you are honouring Brahmins, learned people, people who daily observe Dharma, people of great lustre and the teachers of Ikshvāku clan." 100.9

"Oh lad I hope that Kauśalya and Sumitrā are happy being honoured by citizens and the honoured Lady Kaikeyi is happy." 100.10

"I hope you are honouring the priest [Sujajñā son of Vasiṣṭha] who is famous, of a noble family, not envious and person with great humility." 100.11

"I hope that a intelligent Brahmin learned in rituals and just, who is employed to protect the sacred fires informs you in time about it and feeds the fire with oblations in time." 100.12

"Oh lad, I hope that you honour the gods, your ancestors, your teachers, your aged father, doctors as well as Brahmins." 100.13

"Oh lad, I hope you treat with respect Sudhanvā, your teacher in archery, who is well versed in upkeep of arrows and bows as well as in political economy." 100.14

"I hope the ministers who are equal in valour to you and who are learned and are able to control their senses and are born in noble families and skilled in interpretation of signs are assigned to you." 100.15

"Oh Bhārata, proper advise is the main source of victory of kings, which are given in secret by great ministers who are well versed in Śāstras." 100.16

"I hope you do not become a slave to sleep and are able to wake up at the proper time. I hope you think about appropriateness of an action late at night." 100.17

"I hope you do not analyse a problem alone nor do it with large number of people. I hope these analysis or consultations with ministers does not reach the people before decision is taken." 100.18

"Oh Bhārata, I hope, you execute your actions speedily, after determining its cost [need] and benefit for large number of people." 100.19

"I hope the other kings know about you plans after they are implemented and those which are properly completed but not those you have planned." 100.20

"Oh lad, I hope others do not know about your discussions and strategies or enquiries with your ministers which you have not made known." 100.21

"I hope you desire to consult one wise man rather than one thousand fools, for a wise man would be able to take decision on difficult matters to your advantage." 100.22

"If a king employs one thousand fools or even ten thousand of them, he will not get any real help from them." 100.23

"Even a single bold, intelligent, skilful and discerning minister can bring great prosperity to a king or one rules a kingdom." 100.24

"I hope you have employed most efficient people to do most important jobs, mediocre people for jobs of medium importance, people of inferior intellect to do unimportant jobs." 100.25

"I hope you are choosing ministers who do not give way to temptations, who have high integrity, whose father and forefathers were ministers and who are eminent for attending to superior tasks." 100.26

"Oh son of Kaikeyi, I hope that your ministers would not permit citizens to be terrorized with excessive punishment." 100.27

"I hope the priests in charge of performing sacrifice, do not hold you in contempt for receiving unmerited [terrible] gifts like a women holding contempt men with great lust." 100.28

"All educated expert tricksters, warriors who are greatly passionate for wealth and those who corrupt the mind of servants to rebel against the master, would destroy the king and so should be killed." 100.29

"I hope you have appointed a man as commander in chief, who is contended, brave, intelligent m steadfast, honest, thoroughbred devoted and efficient." 100.30

"I hope you honour those great soldiers who are strong, skilled in warfare, who were responsible for heroic deeds and courageous." 100.31

"I hope you properly feed your army and give them suitable wages when they are due without any delay whatsoever." 100.32

"It has been told in the scriptures that if the wages and compensation for the servants are unduly delayed, they would turn against the master and calamity would result." 100.33

"I hope all men of good birth are loyal to you and I hope that those men of steady mind would be prepared to sacrifice their life for your cause." 100.34

"Oh Bhārata, I hope you have chosen an efficient and intelligent man who belongs to our folk, who is an intellectual, a realist and an expert, as your representative [ambassador / messenger]." 100.35

"I hope you gather intelligence using three spies each who cannot be recognized, about, eighteen important officers of the enemy and fifteen of your side." 100.36

"Oh killer of enemies, I hope you are alert about all enemies who were defeated by you and gone back, especially the weak ones." 100.37

"Oh lad, I hope you do not serve those Brahmins, who are this worldly, think that they are the only great ones and bother only about themselves since they are sure to bring disaster." 100.38

"These bad brained ones having acquired futile knowledge relating to science and logic, unnecessarily enter in to arguments, even though the Dharma Śāstras are existing." 100.39

"Oh lad, I am hoping that you are protecting Ayodhyā, formerly inhabited by our ancestors, and true to its name [that which cannot be conquered] with sturdy gates, crowded by elephants, horses and chariots, inhabited by thousands of Brahmins who are busy with their rituals, who have full control over their sense organs who are highly energetic and venerable, by Kshatriyas and Vaisyas engaged in their own professions, surrounded by palaces of every kind, thronged by very learned people with availability of anything that is needed." 100.40-100.42

"Oh Bhārata, I hope the villages are adorned with hundreds of altars, filled with abundantly peaceful people, shining with temples, free water storages for distribution, filled with happy men and women, with many community festivals, well tilled land, with lots of cattle, totally free of cruelties, pretty lands exclusively dependent on rain which is kept free of pests, which land is also free of the fear uncertainties, studded with mines of various mineral ores, which villages are free of destitute and sinful people, well protected by our forefathers, and full of abodes filled with prosperity and happiness." 100.43-100.46

"Oh lad, I trust that all those depending on agriculture and Animal husbandry are favourable to you, for the happiness of the world depends on their efforts." 100.47

"I hope you are helping to maintain and protect their efforts and prevent adversities for them. The king protects according his Dharma all people living in his kingdom." 100.48

"I hope you pacify women as well give them good protection. I hope you do not trust them completely or share any secrets with them." 100.49

"I hope you protect the elephants in the forest and I hope there are she elephants there. I hope you have large number of mares and you are not contented with their number." 100.50

"I hope you rise up very early and also see daily and present yourself well adorned to the people of the great avenue." 100.51

"I hope that the servants do not present themselves directly to you. I hope that they do not stay far away due to fear of you. It is better that you follow a middle course." 100.52

"I hope that all forts are provided with wealth, grains and water. I hope that they are provided with complete machines of war and craftsmen to repair it and also have men armed with bow." 100.53

"Oh Bhārata, I hope that your revenue is abundant and expenditure is much less. I hope that your treasury is not put under control of undeserving persons." 100.54

"I hope you are spending only on Gods, ancestors, Brahmins, guests, warriors and your hoard of friends." 100.55

"I hope a pure hearted man who is venerable and honest who is accused of unworthy act is not slain out of avarice without consulting scholars well versed in scriptures." 100.56

"Oh best among men, a thief who is caught at time of the stealing, accused and interrogated is not set free due to avarice of money, if there is sufficient evidence." 100.57

"Oh Bhārata, I hope that your ministers are well informed and behave without partiality towards a rich man or a poor man who is suffering." 100.58

"Oh Bhārata, the tears of those who are falsely accused and commanded by the king for the sake of getting pleasure, would destroy his sons as well as cattle." 100.59

"Oh Bhārata I hope you handle children, old people and learned people with gift, affection and kind words, so that those groups would thrive." 100.60

"I am hoping that you treat with respect your gurus, old people, sages, gods, guests, temples, great people and Brahmins." 100.61

"I am hoping that you are not destroying Dharma for the sake of property, not destroying prosperity for words of flattery and not destroying both for the sake of sensual enjoyment." 100.62

"Oh Bhārata, you are a victor, chosen one, expert in allocation of time and granter of wishes and I hope you are attending to Dharma, Artha and Kama by allocating sufficient time for each." 100.63

"Oh Very intelligent one who has understood the meaning of all Śāstras, I hope the Brahmins and other citizens of our kingdom are seeking your welfare." 100.64

"I hope you are avoiding the fourteen draw backs of a king viz. atheism, propensity to tell lies, anger, listless attention, laziness, avoiding wise people, lethargy, gratification of the five senses, planning the matters regarding state alone, consultation in people who are experts in worthless acts, failure to carry out acts which has been already decided, inability to keep advice received as secret, not doing auspicious acts, and making preparations for an unpractical war. 100.65-100.67

"O, wise Bhārata, I hope you understand the following and deal them properly the ten evils; the five kinds of fortifications; the four expedients; the seven limbs of state; the eight evils [born of anger] the three objects of human pursuit; the three branches of learning subjugation of the senses, the six strategic expedients; adversity brought about by divine agencies; and by human agencies; the twenty types of monarchies; and the entire population of the kingdom, setting about an expedition, drawing up an army in a battle-array and the two bases i.e., peace and war." 100.68-100.70 [I have reproduced this śloka from another translation as this is not clear to me - Translator.]

"I believe that you are consulting with three or four ministers separately as well as combined in complete secrecy, as laid in Śāstras." 100.71

"I think reading of Vedas is good for you. I hope your actions teach you to do better. I hope your wife serves you fruitfully. I hope you learn good things from what you hear." 100.72

"Oh Bhārata, I hope that whatever I have told you is agreeing with your own thought process and would lead to fame, Dharma, Artha and Kama." 100.73

"I hope you are following the principles followed by our father and our ancestors, because those auspicious principles will lead you in the path of Dharma." 100.74

"Oh Bhārata, I hope you do not eat food that is deliciously prepared all alone, but you share it with those friends who desire for that food." 100.75

"That king of great intelligence, who acquires the entire earth and rules the earth with Dharma, punishes the people according to tradition, after his death will reach the heaven after death." 100.76

This is the end of One Hundredth Sarga of Ayodhyā Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.