Rāmāyana | Āraṇya Kaṇḍa | Chapter 33

33. Sūrpanakhā's Complaint to Rāvaṇa

[Sūrpanakhā not only complains to Rāvaṇa but tells him that he is a bad king, after detailing qualities of a good and bad king.]

That distressed and anguished Sūrpanakhā spoke to Rāvaṇa who tortures the world, who was sitting in the middle of his ministers. 33.1

"Being intoxicated, always trying to get pleasure out of passion, always acting with impulse and lacking self-control, you are not able to understand the cruel fear that has arisen." 33.2

"Being vulgar king, addicted to pleasures, acting only according to his own wishes and greedy, you would not be liked by people like the fire in the cremation ground." 33.3

"That king who does not attend to his work at the proper time would be destroyed along with his kingdom and his works." 33.4

"The king difficult to meet, and who does not have self-control and who does not employ spies is kept away by people like a muddy river." 33.5

"Those undisciplined kings without self-control and having no influence over his country or who does not protect it, do not prosper or shine like a mountain in the middle of water." 33.6

"You are not clear headed with devas, Gandharvas and saints and become inimical with them and have not employed any spies and are fickle minded and how can you become an able king?" 33.7

"Oh Rākṣasa you are childish and lack brain and do not know that you do not know and how can you become an able king?" 33.8

"Oh best among those who achieve victory, the spies, treasury and state policy is not under your control and so you are not like a king but like a commoner." 33.9

"Since the king would be able to see all issues from a distance using the spies, these kings are called far sighted." 33.10

"Your system of spying is primitive and the ministers surrounding you are fools and that is why you do not know about killing of your own people in Janasṭhāna." 33.11

"Fourteen thousand cruel Rākṣasas were killed by Rāma along with Khara as well as Dūṣaṇa." 33.12

"Rāma who can perform acts with ease, has given protection to all sages and made Daṇḍaka safe for them after attacking Janasṭhāna and capturing it." 33.13

"Oh Rāvaṇa, you are greedy, intoxicated and in the control of others and so not aware of the fear that has arisen in your own kingdom." 33.14

"All beings who are in trouble do not run for protection from a king who is not sharp, not generous, intoxicated, proud and adamant." 33.15

"A king who is arrogant, one who cannot be approached, one who is proud of himself and one who is short tempered is put an end by his own people when they are in difficulties." 33.16

"A king who does not do deeds which should be done, fears those whom he should not fear, would be surely toppled down and would be desperate and worthless like a blade of grass." 33.17

"Even dried up wood, clods of earth or even dust would be of value sometimes but not a king thrown out by the people." 33.18

"Like a cloth worn and discarded or garlands worn and later crushed, a king who has been thrown out would be useless even if he is able to do things." 33.19

"An alert king who knows everything, who has good control over his senses, who is grateful and is a follower of Dharma would continue to be a king for a long time." 33.20

"A king, who is awake even while sleeping to morals, who has sacrificed his anger and who is attentive would be worshipped by the people." 33.21

"Oh Rāvaṇa, you being evil minded and devoid of all the good qualities and are not able to know the killing of your own people from your spies." 33.22

"A king who find faults with others, who is addicted to pleasures, who lacks capacity to judge the time and place and who lacks sense of discrimination and does not have right wisdom, will soon destroy himself as well as the kingdom." 33.23

That Rāvaṇa who is the god of Rākṣasas who is wealthy, arrogant and strong hearing her tell his mistakes, by his own intelligence understood them and started thinking over. 33.24

This is the end of Thirty Third Sarga of Āraṇya Kanda which occurs in Holy Rāmāyaṇa composed by Vālmīki as the First Epic.